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Antique maps > europe > germany > Antique map of Tönning - Husum by Braun & Hogenberg
Toninga Eiderstadiae [on sheet with:] Husum - Braun & Hogenberg, 1598.
Antique map with two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg: Tönning and Husum.
COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Tönning lies in a region so fertile that even the Dutch consider it unusual for their country. For the animals there, such as the oxen and cows, are so big that you will not find their like anywhere else in Christendom; and one cow there gives nine measures daily, that is, 36 Lübeck pounds of milk. From this, over 23 times 100,000 pounds of cheese can be exported by boat between 1 May and the last day of September."
The illustration of Tönning shows a view across the Eider. The castle with five towers at the centre of the town was built by Duke Adolf of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp from 1580 to 1583; it was destroyed in 1735. Beside it to the left is the church of St Lawrence, founded in 1186. Tönning is first mentioned in records in 1137 and was granted its charter in 1590. Due to its position on the River Eider, which leads out to the North Sea, Tönning was a major commercial port dealing not just in cheese but also in wheat, cattle and other goods.
COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "For a part of the sea, called the Hever, flows past Husum, so that from there it is easy to ship to Holland, Zeeland, England and Scotland and to import all sorts of commercial goods and in Flensburg to transport them from the Baltic to the North Sea, which lies only eight miles away."
Husum is shown in cavalier perspective from the south. On the left, beside the Gothic church of St Mary, stands the castle built by Duke Adolf I from 1577 to 1582, a three-wing complex with a distinctive middle tower. Husum arose out of a prehistoric settlement, but is first mentioned in records as late as 1252. In 1362 a large section of the coast was hit by a great flood, known as the Grote Mandränke, which left Husum with direct access to the sea. In 1465 Husum took part in a revolt against the Danish king Christian I and as a consequence was awarded its long-desired charter only in 1603. In another storm tide, in 1634, Husum lost its grain reserves and the town's economic importance waned. (Taschen)
Size: 36.5 x 40cm (14.2 x 15.6 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, printer's crease in lower view, some shine-through of verso text.
Condition Rating: B+
References: Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.386.
From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 5. Köln, 1598.
Item number: 22087
Price: 450 Euro
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